The following articles, videos and publications may help towards understanding issues of the success or failure of foreign aid, including issues of poverty, cash transfers, conditional cash transfers, cooperatives, ethical schemes and related subjects. These links and sources are posted here for information purposes only, and are not a reflection of Oshede's stance or official position.

  1. Voluntourism: When charity does more harm than good (Noted - New Zealand)
  2. Niyonkuru F (2016) Failure of Foreign Aid in Developing Countries: A Quest for Alternatives. Bus Eco J 7:231. doi:10.4172/2151-6219.1000231
  3. Is wealthy philanthropy doing more harm than good? (Edward Luce, Financial Times)
  4. Wilson Majee & Ann Hoyt (2011) Cooperatives and Community Development: A Perspective on the Use of Cooperatives in Development, Journal of Community Practice, 19:1, 48-61, DOI: 10.1080/10705422.2011.550260 )
  6. Sarah J Baird, Richard S Garfein, Craig T McIntosh & Berk Özler , “Effect of a cash transfer programme for schooling on prevalence of HIV and herpes simplex type 2 in Malawi: a cluster randomised trial.” Lancet, February 15, 2012
  7. Co-operatives can play a key role in development (Sarah Alldred, The Guardian)
  8. Aguero, Jorge, Michael Carter and Ingrid Woolard. “The Impact of Unconditional Cash Transfers on Nutrition: the South African Child Support Grant.” mimeograph, August 2010
  9. SUSTAINABILITY FAILURE OF DONOR-SUPPORTED ORGANISATIONAL REFORMS IN AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION (Md Mofakkarul Islam, Doctoral Thesis: Institute of Natural Resources Massey University Palmerston North, New Zealand, 2007)
  10. Sudhanshu Handa, Silvio Daidone, Amber Peterman, Benjamin Davis, Audrey Pereira, Tia Palermo, Jennifer Yablonski, "Myth-Busting? Confronting Six Common Perceptions about Unconditional Cash Transfers as a Poverty Reduction Strategy in Africa"
  11. Poverty isn't a lack of character; it's a lack of cash. (Rutger Bregman, TED)
  12. Macours, Karen, Norbert Schady & Renos Vakis. Cash Transfers, Behavioral Changes, and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment.”“ The American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 4 (2), 2012.
  13. Walsh, J. (2012), "Vinamilk: from local cooperatives to international corporation", Emerald Emerging Markets Case Studies, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2012
  14. Edmonds, Eric & Norbert Schady. “Poverty Alleviation and Child Labor.” forthcoming, American Economic Journal: Economic Policy.
  15. Research at GiveDirectly - Experimental Evaluations/ Published randomized controlled trial studies(
  16. Ollie Williams, Forbes, Should You Stop Donating To Big Charities?
  17. Fair Trade and its Impacts in Developing Communities (The Borgen Project)
  18. Slater, Rachel & Matseliso Mphale, “Cash Transfer, Gender, and Generational Relations: Evidence from a Pilot Project in Lesotho,” Technical Report, Overseas Development Institute May 2008.
  19. Sarah Bailey and Paul Harvey, Time for change: harnessing the potential of humanitarian cash transfers (Research reports and studies, Overseas Development Institute, April 2017)
  20. Peter Holley, The Washington Post, Haitians are desperate for help. But they don’t want it from the American Red Cross. [accessed Oct 2016]
  21. Ardington, Cally, Anne Case, & Victoria Hosegood, “Labor Supply Responses to Large Social Transfers: Longitudinal Evidence from South Africa,” American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, January 2009, 1 (1), 22–48
  22. Ana Swanson, Does foreign aid always help the poor? World Economic Forum We Forum [accessed December 2019]
  23. Per-åke Andersson, Arne Bigsten, Håkan Persson, “Foreign Aid, Debt, and Growth in Zambia,” Nordic Africa Institute, May 2000
  24. Kingsley Ighobor, Africa Renewal, May 2013, Africa’s youth: a “ticking time bomb” or an opportunity? [UN]